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Install Jaxon Adminer on Voyager

April 9, 2021
database adminer mysql postgresql sqlite voyager laravel php ajax
Photo by Tobias Fischer on Unsplash

The two most popular PHP web applications for database administration are phpMyAdmin and Adminer. Both are standalone applications that need to be installed on a web server.

The Jaxon packages offer another choice, Jaxon Adminer, which inserts a database administration tool in a page of an existing PHP web application. This solution relies on Adminer, and will thus offer the same features.

What is Adminer

Adminer (formerly phpMinAdmin) is a full-featured database management tool written in PHP. Conversely to phpMyAdmin, it consist of a single file ready to deploy to the target server. Adminer is available for MySQL, MariaDB, PostgreSQL, SQLite, MS SQL, Oracle, Elasticsearch, MongoDB and others via plugin.

What is Jaxon Adminer

Conversely to Adminer which is a standalone application, Jaxon Adminer is a package which allows the user to integrate the Adminer features into an existing PHP application. They are then available in a page of the application, whose content is updated with ajax requests generated by Jaxon. As a consequence, the access management features (authentication and security) are removed from the package, which will then rely on those provided by the application it is installed on.

What is Voyager

Sometimes a user may not have a PHP web application available for integrating Jaxon Adminer. He then needs to install a complete application from scratch. In this case, it is possible to integrate Jaxon Adminer in one of the numerous PHP backend administration packages available.

In this article, we have chosen Voyager, because it is free, it is built on the Laravel framework for which a Jaxon plugin exists, and it is built on the Bootstrap 3 CSS framework, which is also used by Jaxon Adminer.

Install Laravel and Voyager

Althougth this article describes the installation of Jaxon Adminer on Voyager, the main steps are the same for the installation on others environments.

  1. Install Jaxon packages,
  2. Create the page that will display the Jaxon Adminer dashboard,
  3. Add a route and a menu entry for this page,
  4. Configure Jaxon and its packages, among which Jaxon Adminer.

Fisrt, we will install Voyager on the latest Laravel version, following its documentation.

composer create-project laravel/laravel voyager
cd voyager
composer require tcg/voyager

After we have defined the database access parameters in the .env file, we can take the final step of the installation and create an admin account.

php artisan voyager:install
php artisan voyager:admin your@email.com --create

We can now login on Voyager.

voyager-login

Install Jaxon packages

In addition to the lagdo/jaxon-adminer package, we need to install the jaxon-php/jaxon-laravel package, for integration with Laravel, and the jaxon-php/jaxon-dialogs package, to display dialogs.

composer require lagdo/jaxon-adminer jaxon-php/jaxon-laravel jaxon-php/jaxon-dialogs

The php artisan route:list | grep jaxon command now prints the following lines, showing that a route exists for processing Jaxon requests.

| Domain | Method | URI     | Name    | Action                                                     | Middleware
+--------+--------+---------+---------+------------------------------------------------------------+-----------
|        | POST   | jaxon   | jaxon   | Jaxon\Laravel\Http\Controllers\JaxonController@process     | web

Create a page for Jaxon Adminer

We are now going to add a Laravel controller, a view and a route that will display the Jaxon Adminer page.

The app/Http/Controllers/JaxonController.php controller shows the view, with the HTML, CSS and javascript codes of Jaxon and Adminer as parameters. The controller also calls the ready() method of the Jaxon Adminer package, to tell Jaxon that the package must be initialized when showing this page.

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Jaxon\Laravel\Jaxon;
use Lagdo\Adminer\Package as Adminer;

class JaxonController extends Controller
{
    public function adminer(Jaxon $jaxon)
    {
        // Set the Adminer package as ready
        $adminer = $jaxon->package(Adminer::class);
        $adminer->ready();

        // Print the page
        return view('adminer', [
            'jaxonCss' => $jaxon->css(),
            'jaxonJs' => $jaxon->js(),
            'jaxonScript' => $jaxon->script(),
            'pageTitle' => "Adminer",
            // Adminer home
            'pageContent' => $adminer->getHtml(),
        ]);
    }
}

The resources/views/adminer.blade.php view extends the voyager:master template, and insert the HTML, CSS and javascript codes of Jaxon and Adminer in the page.

@extends('voyager::master')

@section('page_title', $pageTitle)

@section('css')
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
{!! $jaxonCss !!}
@stop

@section('page_header')
    <h1 class="page-title"><i class="voyager-data"></i>{{ $pageTitle }}</h1>
@stop

@section('content')
    <div class="page-content container-fluid">
{!! $pageContent !!}
    </div>
@stop

@section('javascript')
    <script>
        $('document').ready(function () {
            $('.toggleswitch').bootstrapToggle();
        });
    </script>
{!! $jaxonJs !!}
{!! $jaxonScript !!}
@stop

The route is defined right after those of Voyager, with the middleware provided by Voyager.

use App\Http\Controllers\JaxonController;

Route::group(['prefix' => 'admin'], function () {
    Voyager::routes();
    Route::get('/adminer', JaxonController::class . '@adminer')
        ->name('jaxon.adminer')->middleware('admin.user');
});

The name of this route will be used in the Menu Builder in Voyager, as described in the next paragraph.

Create a menu entry for Adminer in Voyager

Voyager comes with a Menu Builder, which we will now use to create a menu entry for Adminer. It starts from the Tools > Menu Builder menu entry. The Builder button in the admin list item then shows the above page, where the menu entries are defined.

voyager-menu-builder

From the New Menu Item button, we now add a new menu entry with the following attributes:

  • Title: Adminer
  • Type: Dynamic Route
  • Route: jaxon.adminer
  • Route parameters: (empty)
  • Icon: voyager-data

We can then move the menu entry anywhere we want, for example under the Tools section.

After reloading the Menu Builder page, the /admin/adminer link now appears in the Adminer menu entry.

voyager-menu-adminer

Jaxon configuration

The config\jaxon.php file defines the configuration of the Jaxon library, and all its plugins and packages.

return [
    'app' => [
        'packages' => [
            Lagdo\Adminer\Package::class => [
                'servers' => [
                    'local' => [
                        'name' => 'Local MySQL',
                        'driver' => 'mysql',
                        'host' => env('DB_HOST'),
                        'port' => env('DB_PORT'),
                        'username' => env('DB_USERNAME'),
                        'password' => env('DB_PASSWORD'),
                    ],
                ],
                'default' => 'local',
            ],
        ],
    ],
    'lib' => [
        'core' => [
            'language' => 'en',
            'encoding' => 'UTF-8',
            'request' => [
                'csrf_meta' => 'csrf-token',
            ],
            'prefix' => [
                'class' => '',
            ],
            'debug' => [
                'on' => false,
                'verbose' => false,
            ],
            'error' => [
                'handle' => false,
            ],
        ],
        'js' => [
            'lib' => [
                // 'uri' => '/jaxon/lib',
            ],
            'app' => [
                // 'uri' => '',
                // 'dir' => '',
                'export' => false,
                'minify' => false,
            ],
        ],
        'dialogs' => [
            'default' => [
                'modal' => 'bootstrap',
                'message' => 'noty',
                'question' => 'noty',
            ],
            'toastr' => [
                'options' => [
                    'closeButton' => true,
                    'positionClass' => 'toast-top-center'
                ],
            ],
            'assets' => [
                'include' => [
                    'all' => true,
                ],
            ],
        ],
    ],
];

The lib.core.request.csrf_meta option adds Laravel CSRF protection on Jaxon requests.

The lib.dialogs section defines the parameters of the jaxon-dialogs package.

The servers option in the app.packages.Lagdo\Adminer\Package section defines the list of servers to be managed. In this case, Adminer only manage the server on which the Voyager database is created. The default option indicates a default server on which to connect when the Adminer page is loaded.

The installation of Jaxon Adminer on Voyager is now complete. The above image shows how the page is displayed to the user.

voyager-adminer-server

The user can for example browse the content of the Voyager database.

voyager-adminer-database